Pediatric pulmonology is a medical subspecialty involved in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory tract diseases. Pediatric pulmonology is a blend of both pediatrics and pulmonology.
Pediatric pulmonologists are specifically trained in disease conditions of the chest, asthma, pneumonia, emphysema, tuberculosis and other complex chest infections. Pulmonology is popularly known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas.
Pulmonologists perform both scientific and clinical research of the respiratory system; it varies from the composition of the respiratory epithelium to the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Moreover scientific research takes place to identify the causes and probable treatment procedures in severe disease conditions such as pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer.
Pediatric pulmonologists often perform the following laboratory and surgical procedures.
• Laboratory investigation of blood
• Pulmonary Function Tests spirometry
• Chest X-rays
• CT scanning
• Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)
• Scintigraphy and other methods of nuclear medicine
• Positron emission tomography
• Sleep apnea